Tuesday, January 19, 2010

Proposed Rules on Air Transport of Lithium Batteries

The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) has proposed new requirements for air shipments of lithium batteries and cells, including when they are packed with or contained in equipment. The proposed changes intended to ensure that lithium batteries are designed to withstand normal transportation conditions and that they are packaged to reduce the possibility of damage that could lead to an unsafe incident.

DOT’s Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), in coordination with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), developed this Notice of Proposed Rulemaking to comprehensively address the safe transportation of lithium cells and batteries when being shipped on aircraft.

In part, DOT proposes to:

• Eliminate regulatory exceptions for small lithium cells and batteries when included in an air shipment; and require their transportation as Class 9 materials, meaning they could pose a hazard when transported;

• Subject packages of small lithium batteries to well-recognized marking and labeling requirements for hazardous materials;

• Require transport documentation to accompany a shipment of small lithium batteries, including notifying the pilot in command of the presence and location of lithium batteries being shipped on the aircraft;

• Require manufacturers to retain results of satisfactory completion of United Nations design-type tests for each lithium cell and battery type;

• Limit stowage of lithium cell and battery shipments aboard aircraft to cargo locations accessible to the crew or locations equipped with an FAA-approved fire suppression system, unless transported in a container approved by the FAA Administrator; and

• Apply appropriate safety measures for the transport of lithium cells or batteries identified as being defective for safety reasons, or those that have been damaged or are otherwise being returned to the manufacturer, and limit the transportation of defective or damaged cells or batteries to highway and rail.

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